Table of Contents

2017 Month : September Volume : 3 Issue : 3 Page : 30-35

TRAINING NEEDS ANALYSIS OF PRE-SERVICE TRAINING DEPARTMENT, DISTRICT INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING, RAIPUR, CHHATTISGARH, INDIA.

Dr. V. S. Joji1

1Scientist-D, Department Education and Training Institute, Central Ground Water Board, Kerala Region, Ministry of Water Resources, Ganga Rejuvenation and River Development, Government of India, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Corresponding Author:
V. S. Joji,
Scientist-D, Central Ground Water Board,
Kerala Region, Ministry of Water Resources,
Ganga Rejuvenation and River Development,
Government of India, Thiruvananthapuram-695004,
Kerala, India.
E-mail: jojivsdh@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT

Training Needs Analysis of Pre-Service Training Department, District Institute of Education and Training, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, has been carried out. National Policy on Education suggested to establish District Institute of Education and Training (DIETs) across the nation and at present there are 500 DIETs in India. The DIET, Raipur, is owned and maintained by the Chhattisgarh Government partly funded by Government of India to impart quality education to eligible candidates to create qualified teachers/faculty for the schools of Elementary Education. It conducts two years course, Diploma in Education (D.Ed.). A TNA consultancy report can strengthen the professional competence of the officials working with DIET, Raipur, and it can ensure the stakeholders participation to achieve the set objectives of the DIET. The terms of reference and surveillance (Phase I-Entry and contracting), SWOT and EMB factors (Phase II-Data collection) and cause and effect (fishbone) analysis (Phase III-Analysis and diagnosis), performance report and priority list (Phase IV-feedback) and training plan, design brief and TNA report (Phase V-Withdrawal) have been used as materials and methods. The aims and objectives, performance problems, various environmental, motivational and behavioural problems have also been incorporated in the work. Training and non-training recommendations, training plan, priority list and design brief are the other highlights of the paper.       The consultancy report recommends teaching skill specific training programmes like training on physical education, music, art, peace education, computer education to the faculty, efforts for writing subject specific textbooks and digital resource material on website, encouragement of faculty members for in-service courses like B.P.Ed. (special education for disabled), availability of conference/meeting hall facility for 300 audience, establishment of digital library with relevant digital resource material, establishment of hostel for D.Ed. stakeholders and so on.

 

KEYWORDS

TNA, SWOT Analysis, EMB Factors, Fishbone Analysis and Performance.

How to cite this article

Joji VS. Training needs analysis of pre-service training department, District Institute of Education and Training, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. J. Technological Advances and Scientific Res. 2017; 3(3):30-35, DOI: 10.14260/jtasr/2017/09.

BACKGROUND

The Training Needs Analysis (TNA) is one of the training development programmes of DoPT. Quality education is the bedrock of wellbeing on our society. With a view to ensure these aspects, National Policy on Education suggested to strengthen the two dimensions of our teacher education- pre-service and in-service areas. As part of it, DIETs were established across the nation. At present, there are 500 DIETs in India. The vision of the institutes is to provide better academic input for teachers in service as well as prospective teachers. The DIET, Raipur, is owned and funded by the Chhattisgarh Government and Union Government through SCERT to impart quality education to eligible candidates to create qualified faculty for the schools of elementary education in Chhattisgarh (CG). It conducts two year courses, D.Ed. in-service training courses for teachers of elementary education. It is under the governance of Department of Education, Government of CG and is funded by Grants and Aids of CG Government and Union Government. The main context of the TNA study is to reduce performance gap among the client and stakeholders.

Study Area and Performance Problem

Training needs analysis of Pre-Service Training Department, District Institute of Education and Training, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, is the results of TNA conducted at Pre-Service Training Department, District Institute of Education and Training (DIET), Raipur, Government of Chhattisgarh. The Principal, DIET, Raipur, CH, is the client and D.Ed. trainees are the stakeholders. There are two batches of D.Ed. stakeholders with a total of 150 strength and each batch with 75 stakeholders. Many performance problems in the client organisation are related to environmental, motivational and behavioural categories, which are affecting successful performance of client officers. The various causes include to environmental, motivational and behavioural categories existing in the client organisation.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The methodology adopted in the TNA consultancy includes primary and secondary data collection, interview and observation and the use of various TNA tool kits.

The various TNA tool kits used during the five phases of TNA consultancy are terms of reference and surveillance (Phase I-Entry and contracting), SWOT and EMB factors (Phase II-Data collection) and cause and effect (fishbone) analysis (Phase III-Analysis and diagnosis), performance report and priority list (Phase IV-Feedback) and training plan, design brief and TNA report (Phase V-Withdrawal).

 

ENTRY AND CONTRACTING

Terms of Reference

The terms of reference with DIET, Raipur.

Surveillance

Surveillance of available primary and secondary data about DIET, Raipur, is collected from website of DIET, Raipur, and personal interviews with the stakeholders.

 

Data Collection

SWOT Analysis

The 'SWOT' is a mnemonic for an analysis of four factors related to an organisation's performance viz. strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The strengths of organisation are attributes of organisation helpful in achieving the objectives. Weaknesses are attributes harmful in achieving organisational objectives and areas of improvements. Opportunities are external conditions, which are helpful in achieving objectives. Threats are the factors, which could do damage to the objectives of the organisation. The data collected during SWOT analysis is compiled (Annexure I).

 

Environmental, Motivational and Behavioural (EMB) Factors

This tool is used to distinguish performance factors directly linked to training needs and other non-training factors that also require attention. The factors contribute the environment in which they are performing, includes all the tools, equipment, materials and logistical support necessary for successful performance. The persons are motivated to perform at high standard, if they find it rewarding to do something to the best of their ability. The person has the necessary behaviour (or knowledge and skill) to carry out the tasks at high standard, they are required to perform. The EMB factors in the client organisation are compiled (Annexure II).

 

Analysis and Diagnosis

 

Cause and Effect (Fishbone) Analysis

The cause and effect analysis enables to analyse a particular performance problem in more detail. Often, a problem is apparent through one or perhaps several ‘symptoms’ that indicate faulty performance. It is also known as "fishbones" (because of their shape) or Ishikawa diagrams (after their inventor, Dr Ishikawa, the Japanese Quality Control Statistician). The problem being analysed can be expressed as a deficiency or as "desired state." The analysis focuses attention on either a detailed analysis of the causes of the problem or seeking ideas for its solution.

This tool identifies the problem area or "effect" to be analysed or the desired state to be reached by holding brainstorming sessions with students, faculty and officials of DIET to establish all the major possible causes and effect. The cause and effect diagram has been prepared (Figure 1).